Archive for June, 2011

Keep Your Guard Up; LulzSec Was Just One Group

June 29, 2011

The hacker group, LulzSec, announced its dissolution on Saturday, June 25, in a Twitter message to 280,000 of its followers.  The publicity-seeking group had successfully hacked the websites of the CIA, the U.S. Senate, Britain’s Serious Organized Crime Agency, Sony, PBS, and other high-profile targets.  Many do not understand why the group decided to break up or if they really did at all.  There are a few theories as to why they did, at least, publicly, anyway: the law was closing in on them (they had been getting many looming threats of arrest); they were just bored; they picked disastrous fights with rival hacker groups; or they had simply run out of ideas.

The disbanding of one hacker group is no time to put your guard down about Internet security.Although, this hacker group is seemingly no longer around, there are many other, more seasoned groups like this one that can be even more harmful.  The trick to reducing the chances of having your email or social networking profile hacked by such groups is to create a strong password.  Mixing letters and numbers is a good start.  Avoid using simple words or birth dates.  You can use your birth date but mix it into a name.  For example, let’s say you have a sister named Jane and her birthday is on March 22.  Create a password like this: j3a2n2e.  That’s the basic concept but as long as you can remember it, your regularly updated strong password will definitely help keep you more secure.

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Joie Montoya

The Palace Theatre Turns 100

June 29, 2011

On June 26, 2011, the Palace Theatre turned 100 years old.  To commemorate the centennial anniversary, three sold-out screenings were held.  The theater, located on 630 S. Broadway in Downtown Los Angeles and originally named Orpheum, opened on June 26, 1911, as a vaudeville house.  In 1926, the theater was renamed the Palace when a much larger Orpheum Theatre was built down the street. The Palace has hosted shows with entertainers like actor Fred Astaire, magician Harry Houdini, and French stage actress Sarah Bernhardt.

The Palace Theatre in Downtown Los Angeles is celebrating its 100th anniversary with a $1 million restoration aimed at bringing back the French and Renaissance style and charm that defined the theater.A million dollar restoration project, with a few changes, has begun.  The craftsmen in charge of the renovation stripped away seven layers of paint from the walls, revealing the hall’s original wallpaper.  Shahram Delijani, whose family owns the Palace and three other historic downtown theaters, was able to replicate the original wallpaper, allowing him to bring the Palace back to its very original decorations.  The Palace Theatre will look beautiful with its original design, bringing it back to a French and Renaissance look.

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Taylor P.

How to get more done by pretending you’re on an airplane (via scientia et sapientia)

June 29, 2011

One of the best methods yet for increasing your productivity.

How to get more done by pretending you're on an airplane I get more work done when I'm flying. It's as simple as that. I can spend two hours on an airplane and accomplish almost as much as I can in an entire day in my office. What's that all about? And, more importantly, how can I be that productive even when I'm not on a plane? I'd love to tap into that level of productivity on a regular basis. So, why do I get more work done when I'm flying? It's really pretty simple. 1. No internet, no internet, no … Read More

via scientia et sapientia

Top 10 Best Sunscreens and Sunglasses with UV Protection

June 28, 2011

Now that the summer of 2011 has finally arrived, it’s time to start taking certain precautions.  With the heat expected to be much more intense here in California, it is important to protect your skin to avoid putting yourself at risk for melanoma (skin cancer).  It’s also important to protect your eyes from being damaged by the sun’s strong rays.  Here is a list of the top ten best sunscreens.

Best Sunscreens

  1. Alba Botanica
    Sun: Mineral Sunscreen Fragrance Free, SPF 30
    Sun: Mineral Sunscreen Kids, SPF 30
  2. All Terrain
    AquaSport Performance Sunscreen, SPF 30
    TerraSport Performance Sunscreen, SPF 30
    KidSport Performance Sunscreen, SPF 30
  3. Aubrey Organics
    Natural Sun Sport Stick Unscented Sunscreen, SPF 30
    Natural Sun Unscented Sensitive Skin/Children’s Sunscreen, SPF 30+
    Natural Sun Saving Face Sunscreen, SPF 15
  4. Aveeno
    Baby Natural Protection Mineral Block Face Stick, SPF 50
  5. BabyGanics
    Cover Up Baby Sunscreen for Face & Body, Fragrance Free, SPF 50+
    Cover Up Baby Sunscreen Stick, Fragrance Free, SPF 50
  6. babyUV/kidsUV inc.
    kidsUV Natural Sunscreen Blue/Pink, SPF 30
  7. Badger
    Sunscreen, Unscented, SPF 30+
    Baby Sunscreen, SPF 30+
    Sunscreen, Lightly Scented Lavender, SPF 30+
    Sunscreen Face Stick, Unscented, SPF 30+
    Sunscreen, Lightly Scented Lavender, SPF 15
  8. Beyond Coastal
    Natural Clear, SPF 30
    Kids Natural, SPF 30
    Lip and Face Screen, SPF 30
    Natural, SPF 30
  9. Blue Lizard
    Australian Suncream, Sensitive, SPF 30+
    Baby Australian Suncream, SPF 30+
  10. California Baby
    No Fragrance Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 30+
    No Fragrance Sunblock Stick, SPF 30+
    Everyday/Year-Round Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 30+
    Summer Blend Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 30+
    Everyday/Year-Round Sunblock Stick, SPF 30+
    No Fragrance Moisturizing Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 18
    Everyday/Year-Round Moisturizing Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 18

Here is a list of the top ten sunglasses with the best UV Protection.

When you spend a lot of time outdoors in the sun, especially during the summer, you need to protect your skin and eyes. Here is a list of sunscreens and sunglasses with UV protection.Best Sunglasses with UV Protection

  1. Ray-Ban
  2. Oakley
  3. Prada
  4. Polaroid
  5. Gucci
  6. Fendi
  7. Guess
  8. Vogue Eyewear
  9. DKNY
  10. Emporio Armani Eyewear

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Joie Montoya

How to Deal With Food Allergies

June 27, 2011

Food allergies can be difficult to deal with, especially if it is a common ingredient in foods you eat.  You could go to an allergist to evaluate the severity of your allergies and get prescription medication to help relieve your symptoms if you accidentally eat something you are allergic to.  Non-prescription antihistamines, like Chlor-Trimeton or Benadryl, can also be taken to relieve symptoms.

Food allergies can be rough, especially if you find out what you're allergic to for the first time when eating something for the first (and possibly last) time. Here are some ways to deal with food allergy symptoms.However, it is best to consult your doctor before buying any kind of over-the-counter medication to relieve allergy symptoms and ensure they are right for you.  The best way to deal with allergies is to avoid what you are allergic to altogether.  You should check labels on foods you buy to make sure they don’t use any suspect ingredients.  Also, if you go out to eat somewhere you can ask the server if they cook with that certain food item or ingredient and request a substitute if necessary.  Being allergic to food can be difficult, but reactions can be easily avoided.

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Taylor P.

IPv4 vs. IPv6: The Differences That Matter

June 27, 2011

Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) is the fourth revision in the development of the Internet Protocol (IP) and the first version of the protocol to be widely deployed.  Together with IPv6, it is at the core of standards-based internetworking methods of the Internet.  IPv4 is still, by far, the most widely deployed Internet Layer protocol.  Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is a version of the Internet Protocol (IP) that is designed to succeed Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4).  The Internet operates by transferring data in small packets that are independently routed across networks as specified by an international communications protocol known as the Internet Protocol.  Although IPv4 is still the most commonly used protocol, I want to list the differences between both so you can better understand why your company and ISP must begin making plans to migrate to IPv6.

With Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) out of IP addresses, the computer networking industry is strongly encouraging companies to migrate to Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6), which has better bandwidth efficiency, scalability, and exponentially more IP addresses at its disposal.

IPv4 has run out of IP addresses.

IPv4

  • Addresses are 32 bits (4 bytes) in length.
  • Address (A) resource records in DNS to map host names to IPv4 addresses.
  • Pointer (PTR) resource records in the IN-ADDR.ARPA DNS domain to map IPv4 addresses to host names.
  • IPSec is optional and should be supported externally
  • Header does not identify packet flow for QoS handling by routers
  • Both routers and the sending host fragment packets.
  • Header includes a checksum.
  • Header includes options.
  • ARP uses broadcast ARP request to resolve IP to MAC/Hardware address.
  • Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) manages membership in local subnet groups.
  • Broadcast addresses are used to send traffic to all nodes on a subnet.
  • Configured either manually or through DHCP.
  • Must support a 576-byte packet size (possibly fragmented).
With Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) out of IP addresses, the computer networking industry is strongly encouraging companies to migrate to Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6), which has better bandwidth efficiency, scalability, and exponentially more IP addresses at its disposal.

IPv6 is the successor to IPv4, but deployment has been slow.

IPv6

  • Addresses are 128 bits (16 bytes) in length
  • Address (AAAA) resource records in DNS to map host names to IPv6 addresses.
  • Pointer (PTR) resource records in the IP6.ARPA DNS domain to map IPv6 addresses to host names.
  • IPSec support is not optional
  • Header contains Flow Label field, which Identifies packet flow for QoS handling by router.
  • Routers do not support packet fragmentation. Sending host fragments packets
  • Header does not include a checksum.
  • Optional data is supported as extension headers.
  • Multicast Neighbor Solicitation messages resolve IP addresses to MAC addresses.
  • Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) messages manage membership in local subnet groups.
  • IPv6 uses a link-local scope all-nodes multicast address.
  • Does not require manual configuration or DHCP.
  • Must support a 1280-byte packet size (without fragmentation).

Depending on what you are using, the IP address for either version is still valid.  There are some advantages to upgrading from IPv4 to IPv6 such as 79 octillion (that’s 27 zeros) times the IPv4 address space, better bandwidth efficiency, better efficiency and scalability, and works with the latest 3G mobile technologies and beyond.  With so many devices requiring IP addresses for Internet access, the development of a more versatile Internet Protocol was inevitable.  I hope this article helps you better understand the differences between IPv4 and IPv6 so that you can make your decision accordingly.

Juniper Networks describes in layman’s terms on a video in their YouTube channel the need for creating an IPv6 migration strategy.

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Joie Montoya

IBM Turns 100: the 5 Most Important Inventions You Use Today

June 23, 2011

On June 16, 2011, the International Business Machines, better known as IBM, turned 100 years old.  IBM is the best-known American computer manufacturer, founded by Thomas J. Watson, and has stayed vital and important for most of its history.  This company has created and designed many prominent inventions that are widely used today.  Here is a list of five of their most important inventions, so far:

International Business Machines, better known as IBM, turned 100 years old on June 16, 2011. Here are five of IBM's most important inventions that we still use today.The Magnetic Stripe Technology: This is the thin, black stripe you can see on the back of credit cards, drivers’ licenses and many other cards.  With this invention, buying things became much simpler and faster.  What they don’t realize is what a major shift this seemingly simple technology represented for retail, transportation and daily life.

How Magnetic Stripe Technology works on YouTube:

Computing Scale: Used to weigh and price things that any vendor can use.  This invention saved retailers a lot of money.

In 1885 Julius Pitrap of Gallipolis, Ohio, patented the first computing scale. Six years later, Edward Canby and Orange Ozias of Dayton, Ohio, purchased Pitrap's patents and incorporated The Computing Scale Company as the world's first computing scale vendor. And four years after that, The Computing Scale Company introduced the first automatic computing scale, shown here. In 1911, the Computing Scale Company merged with the International Time Recording Company and Tabulating Machine Company to form the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company, a business that was renamed IBM in 1924.

International Business Machines, better known as IBM, turned 100 years old on June 16, 2011. Here are five of IBM's most important inventions that we still use today.The Universal Product Code: Even though barcodes were dreamed up and patented in the late 1940s and early 1950s, it wasn’t in use until lasers emerged years later that they could be digitally read.  This technology sped up checkouts and improved inventory-keeping.

The Time Clock: The invention had an “IN” and an “OUT” slot, used to keep track of each employee’s attendance.

International Business Machines, better known as IBM, turned 100 years old on June 16, 2011. Here are five of IBM's most important inventions that we still use today.

International Business Machines, better known as IBM, turned 100 years old on June 16, 2011. Here are five of IBM's most important inventions that we still use today.The Automated Test Scoring: In 1937, IBM introduced the 805 Test Scoring Machine.  This machine graded test answers that have been marked on a certain paper with a No. 2 pencil, making grading much easier for teachers.

When most people think of IBM, they think of computers.  Well, they did invent the PC in the 1980s, but they have many more inventions that are still in use today.  Their inventions have helped ease the daily life of many people, such as managers, teachers, students, store owners, and many employees.  IBM has many other inventions that have made our lives easier and should be greatly appreciated.  Congratulations to this successful company.

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Taylor P.

Hollywood Bowl Hall of Fame inducts Gloria Estefan and Harry Connick Jr.

June 23, 2011

On Friday, June 17, 2011, the Hollywood Bowl celebrated its 90th season with fireworks, music performances, and a preview of the new Cirque de Soleil show, Iris.  This year, the Hollywood Bowl honored two new inductees to the Hollywood Bowl Hall of Fame: singers Gloria Estefan and Harry Connick Jr..  Actress Hilary Swank introduced honoree and New Orleans native Connick Jr., a friend since their on-screen performance of, “P.S. I Love You” together.  The pianist and jazz singer start off somewhat stiffly with “The Way You Look Tonight”, pausing afterwards to acknowledge the award.  “I’ve never been in a hall of fame for anything so it’s a big deal.  I’m just honored,” said Connick Jr., who noted that his voice had cracked a couple of times.  “I’m sure you heard it.  I don’t care, I mean, it’s not like I’m performing brain surgery on someone.  If you make a mistake, it’s OK.  But I was thinking like the Cirque de Soleil people, like what’s the equivalent of cracking a note for them?  You die… So I’m very happy to be a singer.  I might crack some more notes because it’s very comfortable to know that I can do that and live.”

The 90th season of the Hollywood Bowl included the induction of Gloria Estefan and Harry Connick Jr. into their hall of fame as well as performances by the new inductees.After intermission, actor Andy Garcia introduced Gloria Estefan.  Garcia explained, “We have a common bond.  Our families, both fled to this country when we were young children to escape the repression of Castro’s Cuba.  Our parents had to start all over again, struggling to give a better life in Miami.”  Estefan also happens to be the first Latina to be honored in the Hall of Fame.  Congratulations to both of these singers for their many contributions to the music world.

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Joie Montoya

ICANN’s Big Change

June 22, 2011

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently approved a change in their rules for domains.  They are allowing new domain names to be launched next year.  The changes will allow up to 1,000 new web domains.  The application fee alone is $185,000, with an annual fee of $25,000.  With these new domains, the existing regime with be greatly expanded in creativity but, with the high costs, gradually.

With ICANN easing rules on domain names, the sky's the limit--as long as you can afford it.The changes will be limited to websites with these domains: .com, .net, and .org.  However, they are expected to let companies register unique website names or better protect their existing brands.  Nonprofit groups could reserve the .school domain and hand out addresses to every elementary school.  Cities could consolidate their websites to .nyc or .losangeles.  And interest groups could stake out their own corner of the Web: .car for auto enthusiasts, .law for attorneys, and .food for restaurants.  This is a big, albeit expensive, change for the Internet, but it looks as if things will go smoothly.  Companies can now have fun, creative web domains!

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Taylor P.

Lava Tubes: What flowing lava leaves behind over time

June 22, 2011

Lava tubes are a type of lava cave formed when an active low-viscosity lava flow develops a continuous and hard crust, which thickens and forms a roof above the still-flowing lava stream.  Tubes form in one of two ways: by the crusting over of lava channels, and from pahoehoe flows where the lava is moving under the surface.  Lava usually leaves at the point of eruption through channels.  The channels stay very hot although their surroundings are cool.  When lava begins to flow away from its eruption point the surrounding lava of the pahoehoe flow cools down, resulting in the underground channel known as the lava tube.

Lava tubes can form into different structures, such as caves, pillars, or lavacicles.  Here are some of the tubes that can be found all over the world that contain any or all of these structures.

Lava tubes, found where lava once flowed, allows you to peer into a unique side of Earth's geology.

Ape Cave, Mount St. Helens, Washington State

Iceland

  • Surtshellir – For a long time, this was the longest known lava tube in the world.
  • Víðgelmir – Another long lava tube of Iceland.

Portugal

Spain

United States

The video, below, shows a number of kids and teenagers who participated in the Hawaii Sea Camp program.

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Joie Montoya

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